La défense Française contre 1.e4

La Défense Française fait partie des défenses les plus solides et les plus prisées des amateurs. Elle allie le dynamisme à la compréhension de la stratégie et fait partie du répertoire des plus grands joueurs.

La défense française commence par les coups 1.e4 e6. Elle se poursuit généralement par 2.d4 d5, qui constitue la partie française. L’idée principale des noirs dans la défense française est de contester la domination du centre par les blancs en installant un pion en d5, soutenu par le pion e6, et en attaquant le pion d4 par la poussée c7-c5. Les noirs souffrent cependant du désavantage stratégique d’avoir enfermé leur fou des cases blanches en c8 derrière les pions e6 et d5. Face à cette pression, les blancs ont plusieurs options: soit maintenir la tension (par 3.Cc3 ou 3. Cd2), soit pousser le pion e4 en e5 (variante d’avance), soit encore échanger en d5 (variante d’échange).

1. Variante principale avec 3.Cc3

Games

[Event “Défense Française 3.Cc3 Cf6”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “2015.11.08”]
[Round “?”]
[White “Adversaire”]
[Black “Vous”]
[Result “0-1”]
[ECO “C13”]
[PlyCount “42”]
[SourceDate “2011.12.11”]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 {Ici, nous avons la défense Française. Les quatre variantes
principales (les plus souvent jouées) sont 3.Cc3, 3.Cd2, 3.e5 et la variante
d’échange 3.exd5} 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 {est le coup le plus populaire} (4. e5 Nfd7
5. f4 (5. Nf3 c5 6. dxc5 Nc6 7. Bf4 (7. Bb5 Bxc5 8. O-O O-O 9. Na4 Be7 10. Re1
a6 11. Bxc6 bxc6 12. c4 Bb7 13. Bf4 Rc8 $11) 7… Bxc5 8. Bd3 a6 9. O-O h6 10.
Bg3 g5 11. h3 h5 12. Re1 g4 13. hxg4 hxg4 14. Nh2 Qg5 15. Qxg4 Qxg4 16. Nxg4
Rg8 17. Be2 Nd4 18. Bd1 Nxc2 19. Bxc2 Rxg4 $15) (5. Nce2 c5 6. c3 (6. f4 Nc6 7.
Nf3 Qb6 8. c3 f6 9. a3 Be7 10. b4 cxd4 11. cxd4 (11. Nexd4 Ncxe5 12. fxe5 fxe5
13. Nc2 O-O 14. Be3 Qc7 15. Qd2 Nf6 $15) 11… O-O 12. h4 a5 13. b5 Qxb5 14.
Nc3 Qb6 15. Rb1 Qd8 16. Bd3 (16. Nb5 Na7 17. Qc2 Nxb5 18. Bxb5 f5 $15) 16…
fxe5 17. dxe5 h6 18. O-O Nc5 $15)) 5… c5 {Le but des Noires est d’attaquer
le centre.} 6. Nf3 (6. Nce2 Nc6 7. c3 Qb6 8. Nf3 f6 9. g3 cxd4 10. cxd4 fxe5
11. fxe5 Bb4+ 12. Nc3 O-O 13. Bf4 Ndxe5 $5 14. Bxe5 Bxc3+ 15. bxc3 Nxe5 16.
Nxe5 Qb2 17. Qc1 (17. Nf3 $2 Qxc3+ 18. Kf2 Rxf3+ 19. Qxf3 Qxd4+ 20. Kg2 Qxa1
21. Be2 Qf6 $19) 17… Qf2+ 18. Kd1 Qxf1+ 19. Rxf1 Rxf1+ 20. Kd2 Rxc1 21. Rxc1
b6 22. Rf1 Rb8 23. Rf7 Rb7 24. Rxb7 Bxb7 $15) 6… Nc6 7. Be3 cxd4 {Permet au
Ff8 de sortir en c5} 8. Nxd4 Bc5 9. Qd2 (9. Nxc6 bxc6 10. Bxc5 Nxc5 11. Qd4 Qb6
) 9… O-O 10. O-O-O (10. Be2 a6 11. O-O Nxd4 12. Bxd4 Qb6 13. Bxc5 Qxc5+ 14.
Kh1 b5 15. f5 (15. Bf3 b4 16. Ne2 a5) 15… Nxe5) 10… a6 11. h4 Nxd4 12. Bxd4
b5 13. h5 b4 14. Ne2 a5) 4… dxe4 5. Nxe4 Be7 6. Bxf6 (6. Nxf6+ Bxf6 7. Bxf6
Qxf6 {et les Noires égalisent la positon sans aucune faiblesse.} 8. Nf3 O-O 9.
Bd3 c5 10. O-O (10. dxc5 $6 Qxb2 (10… Nd7 11. c6 bxc6 12. c3 Nc5 13. Qc2
Nxd3+ 14. Qxd3 Bb7 15. O-O c5 $15) 11. O-O Nd7 12. Rb1 Qxa2 13. Ng5 h6 14. Ne4
Qd5 $15) 10… cxd4 11. Nxd4 Rd8 12. Nf3 Na6 13. Qe2 (13. Bxa6 Rxd1) 13… Nc5
14. Ne5 b6 15. Rad1 Bb7 $15) 6… gxf6 7. Nf3 (7. g3 f5 8. Nc3 Bf6 9. Nge2 Nc6
10. d5 Ne5 11. Bg2 O-O 12. O-O c6 13. dxe6 fxe6 $15) 7… f5 8. Nc3 (8. Ng3 h5
9. h4 c5 10. dxc5 Qa5+ 11. c3 Qxc5 12. Qd4 Qxd4 13. Nxd4 Bd7 14. Nb5 Bd8 15.
Be2 Bc6 16. O-O-O Bb6 17. Nd4 Bxg2 18. Rh2 Bc6 19. Nxh5 Ke7 20. Ng3 Bc7 21.
Nxc6+ Nxc6 22. Rh3 Bb6 23. Rf1 Ne5 24. h5 Ng4 25. Bxg4 fxg4 26. Rh2 f5 $17)
8… a6 9. g3 (9. Qe2 b5 10. O-O-O b4 11. Na4 Qd5 12. Qc4 Bb7 13. Qxc7 Bd6 14.
Qc4 Nd7 15. Qxd5 Bxd5 16. c4 Bc6 17. b3 Nf6 $11) (9. Qd2 b5 10. O-O-O Qd6 11.
Qe3 Nd7 12. Bd3 b4 13. Ne2 Bb7 14. Kb1 O-O-O 15. Nf4 Bf6 $11) 9… b5 10. Bg2
Bb7 11. O-O c5 12. dxc5 (12. d5 b4 13. dxe6 bxc3 14. exf7+ Kf8 15. Qc1 Kg7 16.
bxc3 Ra7 17. Rd1 Qb6 18. Rb1 Qh6 $11) 12… Bxc5 13. Qxd8+ (13. Qe2 Qe7 14.
Rad1 Nc6 15. Rd2 O-O $11) 13… Kxd8 14. Ne5 (14. Rad1+ Ke7 15. Ne5 Bxg2 16.
Kxg2 Rc8 17. Rfe1 Ra7 18. Ne2 Nd7 19. Nd3 Nb6 $11) 14… Bxg2 15. Kxg2 Ke7 16.
Rad1 Rc8 17. Rfe1 Ra7 18. Ne2 Nd7 19. Nd3 Nb6 20. Nxc5 Rxc5 21. c3 Nc4 $11 0-1


Voici 35 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.Fg5, Cliquez ICI
Voici 37 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.e5, cliquez ICI

2. Deuxième variante principale avec 3.Cd2

Games

[Event “Défense Française 3.Cd2 Cf6”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “Adversaire”]
[Black “Vous”]
[Result “0-1”]
[ECO “C06”]
[PlyCount “32”]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nd2 Nf6 4. e5 (4. exd5 exd5 5. Bd3 c5 6. Ngf3 c4 7. Be2
Be7 8. O-O Nc6 9. Re1 O-O 10. Nf1 h6 11. Bf4 Qb6 12. b3 Bb4 13. Bd2 c3 14. Be3
Bd6 15. Ne5 Qc7 16. f4 Ba3 17. Rb1 Ne4 18. Ng3 Nxg3 19. hxg3 Bf5 20. g4 Be4 $15
) (4. Bd3 c5 5. e5 Nfd7 6. c3 Nc6 7. Ne2 cxd4 8. cxd4 Qb6 $1 (8… f6 $6 9. Nf4
$1 Nxd4 10. Qh5+ Ke7 11. exf6+ Nxf6 12. Ng6+ hxg6 13. Qxh8 Kf7 14. Qh4 e5 15.
Nf3 Nxf3+ 16. gxf3 Bf5 17. Bxf5 gxf5 18. Bg5 Qa5+ 19. Kf1 Be7 $14) 9. Nf3 (9.
O-O Nxd4 10. Nxd4 Qxd4 11. Nf3 Qb6 12. Qa4 Qb4 13. Qc2 Nc5 14. Bd2 Qa4 15. b3
Qd7 16. Be2 b6 17. b4 Ba6 18. Bxa6 Nxa6 19. a3 Be7 20. Rac1 O-O $11) 9… Bb4+
10. Bd2 f6 11. exf6 Nxf6 12. O-O O-O 13. Bg5 Bd6 14. Nc3 Bd7) 4… Nfd7 5. Bd3
(5. c3 c5 6. Bd3 Nc6 7. Ne2 (7. Ngf3 Be7 8. O-O a5 9. Re1 cxd4 10. cxd4 g5 11.
h3 h5 12. Nf1 g4 13. hxg4 hxg4 14. N3h2 Nxd4 15. Qxg4 Bc5 16. Be3 Qh4 17. Qxh4
Rxh4 18. f4 b6 19. Rad1 Bb7 20. Bb1 Nc6 21. g3 Rh8 22. Nf3 Ke7 $15) 7… Be7 8.
O-O a5 {Voir la ligne principale}) (5. f4 c5 6. c3 Nc6 7. Ndf3 Qb6 8. g3 Be7 9.
Bh3 O-O 10. Ne2 cxd4 11. cxd4 Qa6 12. O-O Nb6 13. Rf2 Nc4 14. b3 Na3 15. Bb2
Bd7 16. Rc1 Rac8 17. Nc3 Nb4 $15) 5… c5 6. c3 Nc6 7. Ne2 (7. Ngf3 Be7 8. O-O
a5 9. Re1 cxd4 10. cxd4 g5 11. h3 h5 12. Nf1 g4 13. hxg4 hxg4 14. N3h2 Nxd4 15.
Qxg4 Bc5 16. Be3 Qh4 17. Qxh4 Rxh4 18. f4 b6 19. Rad1 Bb7 $15) 7… Be7 $1 {
Ce coup est très positionnel et évite la variante principale 7… f6 et 8.
Cf4!} 8. O-O $1 (8. Nf3 O-O $1 9. O-O $1 b6 10. Be3 Re8 11. Qc2 Nf8 $11) (8. f4
f5 9. O-O $1 (9. exf6 Nxf6 10. O-O $1 O-O $1 11. Nf3 Bd7 12. Be3 Ng4 13. Bd2
Qb6 $11) 9… O-O $1 10. Nf3 cxd4 11. cxd4 Nb6 12. Kh1 Bd7 13. Rg1 Be8 14. h3)
8… a5 9. f4 (9. Kh1 a4 10. f4 cxd4 11. cxd4 Nb6 12. a3 Bd7 13. Qe1 Na5 14.
Qg3 g6 15. Qh3 Nbc4 16. Nxc4 dxc4 17. Be4 Bc6 18. Bxc6+ bxc6 $11) 9… cxd4 (
9… a4 10. Nf3 O-O 11. Be3 (11. Kh1 cxd4 12. Nexd4 Nc5 13. Bc2 Nxd4 14. cxd4
Ne4 15. Bxa4 Bd7 16. Bxd7 Qxd7 17. Qd3 Rfc8 $11) 11… c4 12. Bc2 b5 13. g4 a3
14. bxa3 Qb6 $11) 10. cxd4 a4 11. Nf3 (11. g4 Nb6 12. Kh1 h5 13. gxh5 Rxh5 14.
Ng3 Rh8 $15) 11… Nb6 12. Ng3 g6 13. Qe2 Nb4 14. Bb5+ Bd7 15. Bd2 Bxb5 16.
Qxb5+ Nc6 0-1


Voici 45 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.e5, cliquez ICI
Voici 10 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.e5 Cfd7 5.Fd3 c5 6.c3 Cc6 7.Ce2 Fe7 8.0-0 a5! CliqueICI
Voici 21 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.Fd3, cliquez ICI

3. Troisième variante principale avec 3.e5, la variante d’avance

Games

[Event “Défense Française 3.e5 avance”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “Adversaire”]
[Black “Vous”]
[Result “0-1”]
[PlyCount “28”]
[SourceDate “2015.11.16”]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4. c3 (4. dxc5 Nc6 5. Nf3 Bxc5 6. Bd3 f6 7. Qe2 fxe5
8. Nxe5 Nxe5 9. Qxe5 Nf6 10. Bb5+ Kf7 11. O-O Rf8 12. Qe2 Kg8 13. Bg5 Qd6 $15)
(4. Nf3 Nc6 5. c3 Qb6 6. a3 c4 7. Nbd2 Na5 8. Be2 Bd7 9. O-O Ne7 10. Rb1 Qc7
11. Re1 h6 12. Nf1 O-O-O 13. Ng3 Nb3 $11) (4. Qg4 Nc6 5. Nf3 cxd4 6. Bd3 (6.
Nxd4 $2 Nxe5 7. Qg3 Nc6 $17) 6… Nge7 7. O-O Ng6 8. Re1 Qc7 9. Qg3 f6 10. exf6
(10. Bxg6+ hxg6 11. Qxg6+ Qf7 12. Qxf7+ Kxf7 13. Nbd2 Bb4 14. h3 Ba5 $17) 10…
Qxg3 11. f7+ Kxf7 12. fxg3 Bd6 13. Rf1 Ke8 $15) 4… Nc6 5. Nf3 (5. Be3 Qb6 6.
Qd2 Bd7 7. Nf3 Nh6 8. Bd3 (8. Bxh6 gxh6 9. Be2 Bg7 10. O-O O-O 11. Na3 cxd4 12.
cxd4 f6 13. exf6 Rxf6 $11 14. Nc2 Raf8 15. b4 Rf4 16. Rad1 Be8 17. a4 Bg6 $15)
8… Ng4 9. O-O Nxe3 10. fxe3 Be7 11. Na3 c4 12. Be2 (12. Bc2 $2 Qxb2 $19)
12… O-O $15) 5… Qb6 6. a3 (6. Bd3 cxd4 7. cxd4 Bd7 8. O-O Nxd4 9. Nxd4 Qxd4
10. Nc3 a6 11. Qe2 Ne7 12. Kh1 Qb6 13. f4 d4 14. Ne4 Nf5 15. g4 Ne3 16. Bxe3
dxe3 17. Rac1 Be7 $15) (6. Be2 cxd4 7. cxd4 Nh6 8. Nc3 (8. b3 Nf5 9. Bb2 Bd7
10. O-O Be7 11. Kh1 a5 12. a3 h5 13. Nc3 g5 14. Na4 Qa7 15. Ne1 Ncxd4 $15) (8.
Bxh6 Qxb2 9. Nbd2 gxh6 10. O-O (10. Rb1 Qxa2 11. O-O Qa5 12. Qc1 Bg7 13. Rd1
O-O $15) 10… Nxd4 11. Nxd4 Qxd4 12. Bb5+ Bd7 13. Bxd7+ Kxd7 14. Qe2 Qa4 $15)
8… Nf5 9. Na4 Qa5+ 10. Bd2 Bb4 11. Bc3 b5 12. a3 Bxc3+ 13. Nxc3 b4 14. axb4
Qxb4 15. Bb5 Bd7 16. Bxc6 (16. Qa4 Qxb2 17. Nxd5 exd5 18. O-O Nfxd4 19. Rfb1
Nxf3+ 20. gxf3 Qc3 21. Rc1 Qb4 22. Bxc6 Qxa4 23. Rxa4 Bxc6 24. Rxc6 Ke7 25.
Rc7+ Ke6 26. Ra6+ Kxe5 27. Rxf7 Kd4 28. Rxg7 Rhg8 29. Raxa7 Rxa7 30. Rxg8 Kd3
$15) 16… Bxc6 17. Qd2 O-O 18. O-O Rfb8 19. Rab1 h6 20. Rfc1 Rc8 $15) 6… c4
7. Nbd2 (7. g3 Bd7 8. Bh3 Na5 9. Nbd2 h6 10. O-O O-O-O 11. Rb1 Kb8 12. Ne1 (12.
b4 cxb3 13. Nxb3 Ba4 14. Nfd2 h5 15. Qc2 h4 16. Bg2 Rc8 $15) 12… g5 13. Bg2
Be7 $15) (7. Be2 Bd7 8. Nbd2 Na5 9. O-O Ne7 10. Rb1 Qc7 11. Re1 h6 12. Nf1
O-O-O 13. Ng3 Nb3 $11) 7… Na5 8. Be2 (8. g3 Bd7 9. h4 O-O-O 10. Bh3 h6 11.
O-O Ne7 12. Re1 Nf5 13. Nh2 Be7 14. Nhf1 Kb8 $15) 8… Bd7 9. O-O Ne7 10. Rb1
Qc7 11. Re1 h6 12. Nf1 (12. Qc2 Nc8 13. Nf1 Nb6 14. Bd1 O-O-O 15. Ng3 Be7 16.
Qe2 Ba4 17. Bxa4 Nxa4 18. Be3 Kb8 $11) 12… O-O-O 13. Ng3 Nb3 14. Nd2 Ba4 $15
0-1


Voici 51 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.c3, cliquez ICI
Voici 33 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.Cf3, cliquez ICI
Voici 10 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.Dg4, cliquez ICI

4. Quatrième variante principale avec 3.exd5, la variante d’échange

Games

[Event “Defense Francaise variante d’échange”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “2015.11.08”]
[Round “?”]
[White “Adversaire”]
[Black “Vous”]
[Result “0-1”]
[ECO “C01”]
[PlyCount “32”]
[SourceDate “2011.12.11”]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 exd5 4. Nf3 (4. Bd3 {est le 2e coup le plus
populaire après 3… exd5} Nc6 5. c3 Bd6 6. Nf3 (6. Qf3 Nf6 7. h3 (7. Bg5 Bg4
8. Qxg4 Nxg4 9. Bxd8 Nxd8 10. Nf3 g6 11. O-O O-O $11)) (6. Ne2 Nge7 7. Bf4 (7.
Qc2 Ng6 8. Be3 O-O 9. Nd2 Re8 10. O-O (10. O-O-O a5 11. h4 h6 12. Bxg6 $6 fxg6
13. Qxg6 Ne7 14. Qh5 Bf5 $17) 10… Nce7 $11) 7… Bg4 8. f3 (8. Bxd6 Qxd6 9.
Nd2 O-O 10. O-O Rae8 11. Re1 Ng6 $11) 8… Bf5 9. O-O O-O $11)) (4. c4 Nf6 5.
Nc3 Bb4 6. Nf3 O-O 7. Be2 (7. Bd3 dxc4 8. Bxc4 Bg4 9. O-O Nc6 10. Be3 Qd6 11.
h3 Bxf3 12. Qxf3 Nxd4 13. Qxb7 Bxc3 14. bxc3 Rfb8 15. Qa6 Qxa6 16. Bxa6 Nc2 17.
Rad1 Nxe3 18. fxe3 Rb6 $15)) 4… Nf6 5. Bd3 (5. c4 Bb4+ 6. Nc3 (6. Bd2 Bxd2+
7. Nbxd2 O-O 8. Be2 Nc6 9. O-O Re8 10. cxd5 Nxd5 $11) 6… O-O 7. Be2 dxc4 8.
Bxc4 Bg4 9. O-O Nc6 10. Be3 Qd6 11. h3 Bh5 12. a3 Bxc3 13. bxc3 Rfe8 $11) 5…
Bd6 6. O-O O-O 7. Bg5 (7. h3 h6 8. Re1 Nc6 9. c3 Re8 10. Nbd2 Rxe1+ 11. Qxe1
Ne7 12. Ne5 Bf5 13. Bxf5 Nxf5 $11) 7… Bg4 8. Nbd2 Nbd7 9. c3 c6 10. Qc2 Qc7
11. Rfe1 Rae8 12. Bh4 h6 13. Bg3 Nh5 14. Bxd6 Qxd6 15. h3 Be6 16. Nf1 Nf4 $11
0-1


Voici 27 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.Cf3, cliquez ICI
Voici 29 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.Fd3, cliquez ICI
Voici 33 victoires des Noirs avec la variante 4.c4, cliquez ICI

Voici d’autres variantes utilisées par les Blancs, mais peu jouées par les GM


Games

[Event “?”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “1.e4 e6 2.b3”]
[Black “Reti Variation”]
[Result “*”]
[ECO “C00”]
[PlyCount “22”]

1. e4 e6 2. b3 {Reti Variation. White plans to castle long and, using the
fianchettoed bishop, to support a future attack with the g-pawn against
Black’s kingside. However, the b2-b3 move has a bad consequence: Black will
easily open the a-file using a7-a5-a4advance. Black’s development plan
includes Bb4, Qe7 followed by Bb4-a3 with a very fast attack against White’s
queenside castled king.} {2…} d5 3. Bb2 dxe4 4. Nc3 Nf6 5. Qe2 {preparing
the long castle and attacking the e4-pawn.} ({White can regain the pawn by
other moves too. Black can use the plan we talked above or use the weakness of
the d4-square playing Nb8-c6-d4 and e6-e5:} 5. Nge2 b6 6. Ng3 Bb7 7. Qe2 Be7 8.
Ngxe4 O-O 9. O-O-O c5 10. Kb1 Nc6 11. h4 Qd7 12. f3 Rad8 $15) (5. g3 $2 e5 6.
Bg2 Bg4 $17 {[%csl Rd4]} 7. f3 exf3 8. Bxf3 Bxf3 9. Nxf3 Nc6 10. Qe2 Bd6 11.
O-O-O O-O $15) (5. g4 h6 {Black has no reason to allow g4-g5 which would
confer White some space advantage.} 6. Bg2 Bd7 {[%cal Gd7c6,Yc6h1] with the
idea Bc6.} 7. Qe2 (7. Nxe4 Nxe4 8. Bxe4 Bc6 9. Qe2 Bxe4 10. Qxe4 Qd5 $11 (10…
Nc6 11. Nf3 Qd6 12. O-O-O O-O-O $13)) 7… Bc6 8. O-O-O $5 (8. Nxe4 Nxe4 9.
Bxe4 h5 $1 10. O-O-O (10. gxh5 Bxe4 11. Qxe4 Nc6 {followed by Rh5}) 10… hxg4
11. f3 g3 12. Qg2 Rxh2 13. Rxh2 gxh2 14. Qxh2 Bxe4 15. fxe4 Nc6 $15 {Heimrath
2206 – Hammes 2360, 1999}) 8… Nbd7 9. Nxe4 Bxe4 10. Bxe4 Nxe4 11. Qxe4 c6 12.
f4 Qa5 13. Kb1 O-O-O $11) 5… Be7 6. O-O-O (6. Nxe4 O-O 7. O-O-O a5 8. Nf3 (8.
a4 Nbd7 9. f3 b6 10. g4 Bb7 11. Bg2 Nd5 12. Nh3 b5 13. axb5 a4 14. Qc4 N7b6)
8… a4 9. Nxf6+ Bxf6 10. d4 Be7 11. h4 axb3 12. axb3 Nd7 13. g4 b6 14. Bg2 Bb7
$17) 6… a5 7. a4 b6 8. d3 Ba6 9. Nxe4 O-O 10. Nf3 Nc6 11. h4 b5 $15 *


Games

[Event “?”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “1.e4 e6 2.c4”]
[Black “Steiner Variation”]
[Result “0-1”]
[ECO “C00”]
[PlyCount “26”]

1. e4 e6 2. c4 {In Steiner Variation, White wants to make a double exchange on
d5, opening the center. However, he is left with an isolani d-pawn without a
serious compensation. Black has to be a bit careful to some tricks, but
knowing the first 9 moves is more than enough. This position can be
reached by transposition after 1.c4 e6! 2.e4. So, if Black wants to play
Semi-Slav Defense or Dutch Stonewall setups against 1.c4, the move 1…e6 is
perfectly playable. 2…} d5 3. cxd5 (3. exd5 exd5 4. Nf3 (4. d4 Nf6 5. Nc3
Bb4 6. Bd3 (6. Nf3 O-O 7. Be2 dxc4 8. Bxc4 Bg4 9. O-O Nc6 10. Be3 Qd6 $11))
4… d4 5. d3 c5 6. g3 Nc6 7. Bg2 (7. Bf4 h6 8. Qe2+ Qe7 9. Qxe7+ Ngxe7 10. Na3
Ng6 11. Nb5 Nxf4 12. gxf4 Kd8 13. Ne5 Nxe5 14. fxe5 a6 15. Nd6 Bxd6 16. exd6
Kd7 17. Rg1 g6 18. Kd2 Kxd6 $17) 7… Qe7+ 8. Kf1 h6 9. Na3 Be6 10. Bf4 g5 11.
Bd2 a6 $15) (3. Qa4+ Bd7 4. Qb3 dxe4 5. Nc3 Bc6 $17) (3. Qb3 dxe4 4. d3 Nf6 5.
dxe4 Nxe4 6. Be3 Na6 7. Nf3 b6 8. Be2 Bd6 9. Nbd2 Nxd2 10. Nxd2 Bb7 11. Bf3
Bxf3 12. Nxf3 Bb4+ 13. Ke2 O-O $15) 3… exd5 4. exd5 ({There are some small
tricks that White can try, but Black has nothing to fear:} 4. Qb3 $6 dxe4 5.
Bc4 Qe7 $1 6. Nc3 c6 $1 7. Nge2 Nf6 $17 8. Ng3 (8. O-O b5 9. Nxb5 cxb5 10.
Bxb5+ Bd7 $19) 8… b5 9. Be2 b4 10. Na4 c5 $17) (4. Nc3 $6 dxe4 5. Qb3 (5. d3
Nc6 6. dxe4 Qxd1+ 7. Nxd1 f5 8. Nc3 Nf6 9. Bb5 fxe4 $15) 5… Nc6 6. Bc4 Nd4 $1
7. Qd1 c6 8. Nxe4 Bf5 9. d3 Bb4+ 10. Bd2 Bxe4 11. dxe4 Qa5 12. Rc1 O-O-O $17) (
4. Qa4+ Bd7 $1 5. Qb3 Nc6 $1 6. exd5 (6. Qxb7 Rb8 7. Qa6 Nb4 $19) 6… Nd4 7.
Qe3+ Qe7 8. Bd3 Bf5 $36) 4… Nf6 {[%csl Rd2]} 5. Bb5+ (5. Nc3 Nxd5 6. Bc4 Nb6
7. Bb3 Nc6 8. Nge2 (8. Nf3 Qe7+ 9. Qe2 Qxe2+ 10. Kxe2 Bg4 $17) 8… Bd6 9. d4
O-O 10. O-O Qh4 11. g3 Qe7 12. Re1 Bg4 13. Qd3 Rfe8 $15) (5. Bc4 Nxd5 6. Qb3
Qe7+ 7. Ne2 Nb6 8. Nbc3 Nxc4 9. Qxc4 Be6 10. Qb5+ (10. Qa4+ {Nimzovici –
Rubinstein, 1926} Nc6 11. d4 Qb4 $1 $17) 10… c6 11. Qe5 Nd7 12. Qe3 Bc4 $15)
5… Nbd7 6. Nc3 a6 7. Bxd7+ Qxd7 8. Nge2 (8. Nf3 Qe7+ 9. Kf1 Bf5 10. d4 O-O-O
$15) 8… b6 9. O-O Bb7 10. d4 Be7 11. Bg5 Nxd5 12. Bxe7 Nxe7 13. Re1 O-O-O $15
0-1


Games

[Event “?”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “1.e4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.e5 c5 4.d4”]
[Black “Nc6 5.Bd3”]
[Result “*”]
[ECO “C02”]
[PlyCount “28”]

1. e4 e6 2. Nf3 {This move is weaker than 2.d4 because Black succeeds to play
c7-c5 before d2-d4. However, this move might have the intention to sacrifice
the d4-pawn (which we see now) or the Wing Gambit (with b2-b4) that we’ll see
in the next line. 2…} d5 3. e5 (3. Nc3 $6 Nf6 4. e5 Nfd7 5. d4 (5. Ne2 c5
6. c3 b6 $1 7. d4 Ba6 8. g3 Nc6 9. a3 Be7 10. h4 h6 11. Nf4 Qc8 12. Bh3 Qb7 $13
{Nureev 2370 – Lastin 2535, 1997}) 5… c5 6. dxc5 (6. Bb5 a6 $11) 6… Nc6 7.
Bf4 Bxc5 $11) 3… c5 4. d4 {anyway… 4…} (4. b4 cxb4 5. a3 (5. d4 Nc6 6.
a3 Qa5 7. Bd2 Qb6 8. Bd3 Nxd4 9. O-O Nxf3+ 10. Qxf3 Ne7 $11) 5… Nc6 6. axb4
Bxb4 7. c3 Be7 8. d4 Bd7 9. Bd3 a6 10. O-O Rc8 11. Ne1 Na7 12. f4 g6 $11) (4.
c3 Nc6 5. d4 Qb6 6. a3 c4 7. Nbd2 Na5) 4… Nc6 {Black could take directly on
d4 (before White plays c2-c3 defending the pawn) exchanging a semi-central
pawn (c-) with a central pawn (d-). However, we prefer the normal development
first.} 5. Bd3 $5 {The idea of this system connected with the sacrifice of the
d4-pawn is that White doesn’t want to lose time by defending his d4-pawn and
hopes for a rapid development of his pieces in their best positions (Bd3)
followed by a quick attack on the kingside. However, there is no much danger
for Black.} ({After} 5. c3 {we would enter the main lines of Advance System.})
5… cxd4 {After taking the pawn, Black has the possibility of playing Nc6-b4.
Also, he will play now against the e5-pawn (no more protected by d4) by Ne7-g6,
Qd8-c7 and, eventually, f7-f6.} 6. O-O Nge7 7. Bf4 (7. Re1 Ng6 8. g3 (8. Nbd2
Qc7 $15) (8. a3 Qc7 9. Qe2 Be7 10. g3 O-O 11. h4 f6 12. Bxg6 hxg6 13. Bf4 g5 $1
14. hxg5 (14. exf6 gxf4 15. fxe7 Qxe7 16. Nbd2 fxg3 17. fxg3 Qd6 $17) 14…
fxg5 15. Nxg5 Bxg5 16. Bxg5 d3 17. cxd3 Nd4 $19) 8… Qc7 9. Qe2 Be7 10. h4 f6
11. Bxg6+ hxg6 12. Bf4 Qb6 $17 {Blatny 2355 – Babula 2385, 1984}) 7… Ng6 8.
Bg3 Be7 9. Nbd2 (9. a3 O-O 10. Re1 (10. Bxg6 fxg6 11. Nxd4 Qb6 $15) 10… f5 $1
11. h3 (11. exf6 gxf6 12. Bxg6 hxg6 13. Nxd4 e5 $15) 11… Bd7 12. b4 a5 13. b5
Na7 14. a4 (14. c4 dxc4 15. Bxc4 Nxb5 16. Qd3 (16. Nxd4 Nxd4 17. Qxd4 Rc8 $19)
16… Qe8 17. Nxd4 Nxd4 18. Qxd4 b5 19. Ba2 f4 20. Bh2 Rd8 $19) 14… Bb4 15.
Re2 f4 16. Bh2 Nh4 17. Nxh4 (17. Nbd2 Bc3 $17 {Hodgson 2550 – Short 2695, 1995}
) 17… Qxh4 18. f3 Nc8 19. Kh1 Ne7 $15) (9. Re1 O-O 10. Nbd2 f5 $15 11. h3 Bd7
12. Nb3 Bb4 $17) 9… Bd7 10. Nb3 Rc8 11. Qe2 Nb4 12. Nbxd4 O-O 13. c3 Nxd3 14.
Qxd3 Rc4 $15 *


Games

[Event “?”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “1.e4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.e5 c5 4.b4”]
[Black “Wing Gambit”]
[Result “*”]
[ECO “C00”]
[PlyCount “26”]

1. e4 e6 2. Nf3 d5 3. e5 c5 4. b4 {The Wing Gambit. White’s idea is to
eliminate the tension in the centre (with the price of a marginal pawn) and
then start an attack on the kingside without being disturbed by Black’s
pressure in the center.} {4…} cxb4 5. a3 (5. d4 Nc6 6. Bd3 (6. a3 Bd7 7. Bd3
Qb6 $15 {xd4}) 6… Bd7 7. O-O (7. h4 {[%cal Gh4h6,Yh1h3,Yh3g3,Yg3g7]} Rc8 8.
Rh3 Nge7 $17 9. Be3 Nf5 $17) (7. a3 Qb6) 7… Nge7 8. a3 Ng6 $15 {followed by
Be7 and 0-0}) 5… Nc6 6. axb4 Bxb4 7. c3 Be7 8. d4 {White’s idea of this
system is clear now. He is a pawn down but got a strong centre that Black
cannot attack anymore. Moreover, the open a- and b- files could be later used
to put pressure against Black’s queenside. However, a pawn is a pawn and by
accurate play, Black is closer to victory. His best defensive measures are
connected with a rapid development of the queenside and occupying the
c4-square with the knight. His king is still safe in the center. 8…} Bd7
$1 {the bishop heads to b5 (after Nc6-a5).} 9. Bd3 Na5 {[%csl Yc4][%cal Ya5c4]}
10. O-O (10. Na3 a6 {[%csl Rb5][%cal Ga6b5,Ya3b5]} 11. Qc2 Qc7 12. O-O h5 13.
Bg5 b5 $13 {and Black gets a good play on the queenside.}) (10. h4 Qb6 11. Ng5
$140 Nb3 12. Ra2 Nxc1 13. Qxc1 Nh6 $1 $17 14. Nxh7 $6 Nf5 $17) 10… a6 11. Re1
(11. Nbd2 Rc8 {[%csl Rc3]} 12. Nb3 Nc4 {[%csl Gc4][%cal Gc8c4]} 13. Re1 h5 {
[%cal Gg8h6,Yh6f5,Yh6g4] with the idea Nh6-f5} 14. Nfd2 {Rahls 2190 –
Breutigan 2345, 1995} Bb5 $15 {[%csl Yb5,Yd3][%cal Gb5d3] with the idea to
exchange the dangerous White’s bishop}) 11… Bb5 $1 {Black accepts to be left
with double pawns (giving up the advantage of a pawn), but after the exchange
of the light-squares bishops, White remains with no attack chances on the
kingside, while Black has strategic superiority on the queenside. Also, Black
can exchange sooner or later one of his double pawns by b5-b4.} 12. Bc2 {
White keeps his bishop, but now the c4-square is much weaker.} (12. Bxb5+ axb5
$15 {[%cal Ga5c6,Gb5b4,Yc6b4]} 13. Re2 Nh6 14. Rb2 Nf5 15. Rxb5 b6 $11) 12…
Nc4 13. Nbd2 Qc7 $15 {[%csl Gb5,Gc4,Ye8] Al Modiahki 2538 – Bhat 2398, 2000
Black has a strong position on the queenside and still no problem on the other
side.} *


Games

[Event “?”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “1.e4 e6 2.Qe2”]
[Black “Chigorin Variation”]
[Result “0-1”]
[ECO “C00”]
[PlyCount “30”]

1. e4 e6 2. Qe2 {The Chigorin System is the only way for White to delay d7-d5,
however that’s all. This system is a sort of King’s Indian Attack as White
will develop his bishop on g2. 2…} c5 ({Black shouldn’t play} 2… d5 $2
3. exd5 {[%csl Re6,Re8][%cal Ye2e8]} Qxd5 4. Nc3 $14 Qd8 5. Nf3 c5 6. g3 Nc6 7.
Bg2 Nf6 8. d3 Be7 9. O-O O-O $11) 3. Nf3 {After 2.Qe2, it is clear that White
doesn’t fight for an opening advantage, so there is no tension in the center,
both players develop calmly and, therefore, some transpositions can occur.
The following variations should not be taken as necessary opening theory, but
as various examples how this position should be played.} (3. b3 Nc6 4. Nf3 Nge7
5. g3 d5 6. Bg2 dxe4 7. Qxe4 Nf5 8. Bb2 Be7 9. O-O O-O 10. Na3 Bf6 11. Bxf6
Qxf6 $11 {Balashov 2530 – Volkov 2485, 1996}) (3. f4 Nc6 4. Nf3 Be7 5. g3 (5.
Nc3 d5 $1 6. d3 (6. e5 Nh6 $15 {with idea Nf5}) 6… Nf6 7. e5 Nd7 8. g3 b5 $1
{Because White left his pawn on d3, Black has no target in the center as in
the main lines. Therefore, Black’s plan is to gain space and attack on the
queenside.} 9. Bg2 (9. Nxb5 $4 Qa5+ 10. Nc3 d4 11. Bd2 dxc3 12. Bxc3 Qc7 $19)
9… Qb6 10. O-O b4 11. Nd1 Ba6 $11) (5. d3 d5 6. c3 b6 7. Nbd2 Ba6 8. e5 Nh6
9. g3 Nf5 10. g4 Nh4 11. Nxh4 Bxh4+ 12. Kd1 Be7 $15 {with idea Qd7 and 0-0-0;
Lendwai 2405 – Gulko 2565, 1991}) 5… d5 6. d3 Nf6 7. Bg2 (7. e5 Nd7 8. Bg2 {
->7.Bg2}) 7… O-O 8. O-O b5 (8… dxe4 9. dxe4 e5 10. fxe5 Ng4 11. Nc3 Ngxe5
12. Nxe5 Nxe5 13. Bf4 Bg4 14. Qb5 Bd6 $11) 9. e5 Nd7 10. c3 Nb6 11. d4 b4 12.
dxc5 Bxc5+ 13. Kh1 a5 14. Rd1 Ba6 $15 {Kovacs 2339 – Uhlmann 2470, 1969}) (3.
g3 Nc6 4. Nf3 (4. Bg2 g6 5. c3 {-> 4.c3}) (4. c3 g6 5. Bg2 Bg7 6. f4 Nge7 7.
Nf3 d6 8. O-O O-O 9. Na3 (9. d3 b5 10. Be3 (10. a3 a5 11. Be3 Ba6 12. Nbd2 b4
$11) 10… b4 11. Rc1 (11. e5 $6 bxc3 12. Nxc3 Nf5 $36) 11… bxc3 12. bxc3 (
12. Nxc3 $6 Rb8 13. Rab1 Nd4 14. Bxd4 cxd4 15. Nd1 e5 $15) 12… Ba6 13. Nbd2
Rb8 14. Bf1 Rb2 $11) 9… Rb8 10. Kh1 f5 11. d3 (11. e5 dxe5 12. Nxe5 Nxe5 13.
fxe5 Bd7 $11 {with idea Bc6} 14. d4 cxd4 15. cxd4 Bc6 $15) (11. exf5 Nxf5 12.
b3 Bd7 13. Bb2 Kh8 $11) 11… b5 12. exf5 Nxf5 13. Bd2 d5 14. g4 Nh6 15. Ng5
Qd6 $11) 4… g6 5. Bg2 Bg7 6. O-O Nge7 7. c3 O-O 8. d3 d6 9. Na3 Rb8 10. Nc2
b5 $11) 3… Nc6 4. g3 g6 {This is another system against KIA that we’ll study
in the next lessons – Black fianchettoes his bishop, controlling the e5-square.
Then, he will play e6-e5 and d7-d6 or d7-d5.} 5. Bg2 Bg7 6. O-O (6. h4 h6 $1 {
this move is very important when White plays h2-h4 and Black has the
fianchetto-structure on the kingside. After h7-h6, if White plays h4-h5,
Black can reply by g6-g5 avoiding opening the lines on this side.} 7. O-O Nge7
{here is where the knight should come in this system.} 8. c3 e5 9. Na3 O-O 10.
Nc4 d6 {In this structure, there are 2 plans in the center for Black: – The
first one is to play d7-d5 (directly or in 2 steps) and play a Botvinnik
structure with the advanced e5- and c5-pawns. The idea is to pressure on the
d-file, especially on d3. – The second plan is to consolidate the e5-pawn by
d7-d6 and prepare the kingside expansion by f7-f5 (which we’ll see now):} 11.
h5 g5 12. Ne3 f5 13. exf5 Nxf5 14. Nd5 Be6 $15) (6. c3 Nge7 7. O-O O-O 8. d3 d6
9. Na3 Rb8 10. Nc2 b5 $11) 6… Nge7 7. d3 (7. c3 O-O 8. Na3 (8. Rd1 e5 9. d3
d6 10. a3 a5 11. a4 f5 12. Na3 h6 $13) 8… d6 9. Nc2 e5 10. Rd1 f5 11. d3 h6
12. b3 Be6 13. Bb2 Qd7) 7… d6 8. c3 (8. Nbd2 O-O 9. a4 b6 10. c3 Ba6 11. Rd1
d5 12. e5 Qc7 13. Re1 g5 $15) 8… O-O 9. Na3 (9. a3 b6 10. Rd1 Ba6 11. b4 Qd7
12. Bb2 d5 $11) (9. Nbd2 Rb8 10. Nb3 e5 11. Nh4 Be6 12. f4 exf4 13. Bxf4 a5 $15
) 9… Rb8 10. Nc2 b5 11. d4 b4 12. Be3 bxc3 13. bxc3 Qa5 14. Qd2 f5 15. exf5
Nxf5 $17 0-1


Games

[Event “?”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “1.e4 e6 2.d3 d5 3.Qe2”]
[Black “King’s Indian Attack”]
[Result “*”]
[ECO “C00”]
[PlyCount “26”]

1. e4 e6 2. d3 {By this move (2.d3 or by 2.Qe2), White chooses the King’s
Indian Attack. The idea of this system is to keep a strong pawn on the
e-file (now on e4, later on e5), develop quickly the kingside (with fianchetto
on g2) and start an attack here. An important difference between this system
and the Advance Variation is that White defends his advanced pawn on e5 with
the pieces, not with a pawn on d4. White keeps his pawn on d3, not giving
Black an easy target for attack. However, with the pawn on d3, Black will
have a more space on the queenside.} {2…} d5 {Black threatens d5xe4 and then
Qxd1. So, here White has 2 options: 3.Nd2 (the main system) or 3.Qe2 – that
we study now.} 3. Qe2 {[%cal Ge2e8,Ye4d5]} Nf6 {[%cal Ye4d5,Yf6d5] defends the
d5-pawn with the knight.} 4. Nf3 (4. e5 Nfd7 5. Nf3 (5. f4 {the centre is
almost closed and White tries to attack on the kingside by playing later g3-g4
and f4-f5 or Nf3-h4 and f4-f5. Black develops an attack over the White’s
queenside. 5…} c5 6. Nf3 Nc6 7. g3 Be7 8. Bg2 O-O 9. O-O b5 10. Nc3 (10.
Nbd2 Qb6 11. c3 c4+ 12. d4 b4 $11) 10… b4 11. Nd1 Qb6 12. Be3 Nd4 $15) 5…
c5 6. g3 (6. c3 b6 {This is another idea for Black (instead of attacking on
the queenside), he castles long and plans to open the lines on the kingside.}
7. g3 Nc6 8. Bg2 Qc7 9. Bf4 Be7 {[%csl Re5][%cal Gg7g5,Yd7e5,Yc6e5,Yc7e5]
Black threatens g7-g5 and then Nd7xe5} 10. h4 {White was forced to this move,
which is not bad if Black castles kingside. But Black will castle queenside
and will use this weakness to open the lines easier. 10…} Bb7 11. O-O h6 {
[%csl Re5,Yf4][%cal Gg7g5]} 12. Re1 O-O-O 13. c4 $6 {The d4-square is a strong
central square for Black. White cannot keep too long the knight on f3 because
g7-g5-g4 will come. By his last move, White hopes that Black will play d5-d4
making the d4-square unavailable for his knight. 13…} g5 $1 14. hxg5 hxg5
15. Bxg5 Bxg5 16. Nxg5 Nd4 $1 17. Qd1 Nxe5 {Leenhouts – Buhmann 2416, 2000})
6… Nc6 7. Bg2 Be7 8. O-O O-O 9. c4 a6 10. h4 b5 11. Bf4 Nb6 12. b3 Bb7 13.
Nbd2 h6 14. a4 Nb4 15. axb5 axb5 16. cxb5 Qd7 $15) 4… Be7 5. g3 (5. e5 Nfd7
6. g3 c5 7. Bg2 Nc6 8. h4 (8. O-O g5 $1 {[%csl Re5][%cal Gg5g4]} 9. h3 h5 10.
c3 g4 11. hxg4 hxg4 12. Nh2 Ndxe5 13. Nxg4 Nxg4 14. Qxg4 e5 15. Qa4 Bh3 $17 {
Adu 2253 – Kaufman 2419, 2000}) 8… f6 $5 {Another resource in Black’s
arsenal: by f7-f6 he eliminates the e5-pawn and consequently White’s space
advantage in the center and kingside.} 9. exf6 Nxf6 10. O-O (10. Bf4 O-O 11.
O-O Bd6 12. Bxd6 Qxd6 13. Re1 e5 $1 14. Nxe5 Re8 15. f4 Bg4 16. Qe3 d4 $15)
10… Bd6 {Black endeavors to play e6-e5 or at least not let this square in
White’s hands.} 11. c4 O-O 12. Nc3 {Oms 2410 – Rahal 2395, 1999} e5 $5 13. Bg5
Bg4 14. Qd2 d4 15. Nd5 Qd7 $13) 5… b5 $5 {[%cal Gc8a6,Ga6f1,Yd5e4,Yd3e4] a
plan used many times by Kortschnoj. Black quickly advances a pawn on the
queenside where he wants to gain space and also prepares to activate the
bishop on the a6-f1 diagonal.} 6. Bg2 ({White can avoid the main line by
pushing his e-pawn now:} 6. e5 Nfd7 7. Bg2 c5 {(back to the typical plan of
Black playing on the queenside)} 8. O-O (8. c4 bxc4 9. dxc4 Ba6 $1 10. b3 Nc6
$15) (8. a4 b4 9. O-O Nc6 10. h4 Bb7 11. Re1 h6 12. Nbd2 Rc8 $15) 8… Nc6 9.
h4 O-O 10. h5 (10. Bf4 h6 11. Re1 b4 12. Nbd2 Rb8 $15) 10… h6 11. Bf4 Bb7 $15
) 6… dxe4 {This is not a typical exchange for Black against King’s Indian
Attack because it eliminates the central tension and Black’s counter-chances
on the queenside. However, in this concrete variation Black wants to open
the a6-f1 diagonal for his bishop.} 7. dxe4 b4 {[%cal Ga6f1,Gc8a6]} 8. Nbd2 (8.
c4 Bb7 (8… bxc3 9. bxc3 (9. Nxc3 Ba6 10. Qc2 O-O 11. Qa4 Nfd7 12. Be3 Nb6 $13
) 9… Ba6 10. c4 Nc6 11. O-O Nd4 $13) 9. e5 Nfd7 10. O-O O-O 11. Rd1 Nc6 12.
Bf4 Qc8 $11) (8. a3 Ba6 9. Qd2 Nc6 10. e5 Nd5 11. Bf1 Bxf1 12. Kxf1 a5 13. Kg2
O-O 14. Qe2 Qd7 15. Re1 Rfd8 16. axb4 axb4 17. Rxa8 Rxa8 18. Nbd2 h6 19. Nc4
Na5 20. Qe4 Nxc4 21. Qxc4 Ra4 22. b3 Ra2 $15) 8… Ba6 9. Nc4 Nc6 10. e5 (10.
Nd6+ cxd6 11. Qxa6 Rc8 12. O-O O-O $11) 10… Nd5 11. O-O {Djingarova 2263 –
Lalic 2520. 11…} O-O $13 12. Rd1 Na5 13. Nfd2 Bc5 $15 *


Games

[Event “?”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “1.e4 e6 2.d3 d5 3.Nd2”]
[Black “King’s Indian Attack”]
[Result “*”]
[ECO “C00”]
[PlyCount “54”]

1. e4 e6 2. d3 d5 3. Nd2 c5 {[%csl Ye5][%cal Gf8d6,Yg6e5,Yd6e5,Gb8c6,Yc6e5,
Gg8e7,Ge7g6,Gd8c7,Yc7e5,Rd5d4,Re6e5] After developing the kingside, White’s
plan is to play e4-e5 (separating the kingside from the rest of the board),
followed by h2-h4, and using ALL his minor pieces together with the queen to
attack the black king. The King’s Indian Attack (KIA) is often played against
the French Defense, even Fischer liked it very much. So, against KIA we
prepared a very solid system which should cut White any attacking chances on
the kingside. Dvoretsky, who played and analyzed it a lot, also considers this
variation (that we give here) the best for Black. The idea is not to allow
White to play e4-e5. Black will permanently have a piece more targeting this
square and, in the end, he will play f7-f6 and e6-e5. This way, Black will
also gain more space in the center and, eventually, after blocking the center,
will start an attack on the queenside.} 4. Ngf3 ({if White plays} 4. g3 {
Black must play first 4…} Bd6 $1 ({otherwise, after} 4… Nc6 5. Bg2 {
the move} Bd6 $2 {is no more possible because of} 6. exd5) 5. Bg2 Ne7 {[%cal
Ge7g6,Gg6e5]} 6. f4 {After f2-f4, the white c1-bishop is blocked and White’s
attack and e4-e5 are no more so dangerous. Black can adopt now other plans: 6.
..} Nbc6 7. Ngf3 b6 8. O-O Bb7 9. c3 Bc7 10. Re1 h6 11. e5 Nf5 12. Nf1 d4 13.
c4 h5 14. Ng5 Qd7 15. a3 Bd8 16. Ne4 Be7 17. Bf3 h4 18. g4 Nh6 19. h3 f6 20.
exf6 gxf6 21. f5 e5 $13 {Van Mil 2420 – Nikolic 2630}) 4… Nc6 5. g3 Bd6 6.
Bg2 Nge7 {Black develops all his minor pieces with the objective to control
the e5-square.} 7. O-O O-O {In other variations, after 0-0, White plays e4-e5.
Here, this is not possible.} 8. Re1 (8. Nh4 {this is the move played by
Fischer against this Black’s setup. Dvoretsky gives it a “?!”, but if White
wants to attack further, he must use the f-pawn. 8…} Bd7 9. f4 f6 {[%cal
Gf6e5,Gc6e5,Gd6e5] Black interdicts e4-e5} 10. f5 (10. exd5 $6 exd5 11. f5 Qc7
12. Rf2 (12. a3 a5 $15) 12… Nd4 13. Nf1 Ndxf5 14. Nxf5 Bxf5 15. Bxd5+ Nxd5
16. Rxf5 Be5 $17 {Weisbuch 2305 – Ribshtein 2300, 1999}) (10. c4 $5 Qc7 $13 {
followed by Rad8}) (10. Kh1 Qc7 11. Ndf3 b5 12. Be3 d4 13. Bd2 e5 14. f5 c4 15.
g4 h6 16. Rg1 Nd8 17. Bf1 Nf7 18. Rg3 a5 19. Be2 Ng5 20. Nxg5 hxg5 $15 {
Psakhis 2575 – Horvath 2465, 1987}) (10. c3 b5 11. f5 Re8 12. fxe6 Bxe6 13.
exd5 Nxd5 14. Ne4 Bf8 15. a4 bxa4 16. Qxa4 Qc7 {Stripunsky 2543 – Pruess 2331}
(16… Ne5 $13)) 10… Ne5 11. fxe6 (11. exd5 exd5 12. Ndf3 Qb6 13. Nxe5 Bxe5
14. c3 Rad8 $15 {Sielecki 2075 – Brodsky 2515}) 11… Bxe6 12. exd5 Bxd5 13.
Bxd5+ Nxd5 14. Ne4 Re8 15. Nf5 Bf8 $11 {Barbero 2477 – Sokolov A. 2567 —
In all these variations, Black is OK!}) 8… f6 $1 {[%cal Gf6e5] White is not
allowed to close the center with e4-e5 and, moreover, Black prepares e6-e5 for
himself.} 9. c3 (9. exd5 exd5 10. d4 c4 11. c3 Bg4 12. b3 cxb3 13. axb3 Qd7 14.
Ba3 Bxa3 15. Rxa3 a5 16. Nf1 b5 17. Qa1 Rab8 $13 {Lindermann 2125 – Yemelin
2500, 1995}) (9. Nh4 a5 10. a4 Bd7 11. f4 g5 $1 12. e5 $1 fxe5 13. fxg5 Qb6 14.
Kh1 Rf7 $13) 9… Bd7 10. a3 (10. d4 cxd4 11. Nxd4 Nxd4 12. cxd4 Qb6 13. exd5
exd5 14. Nb3 Rfe8 15. Qh5 Bb4 $13) (10. a4 Kh8 11. h4 Be8 12. Bh3 Bf7 13. h5
Bxh5 14. Bxe6 dxe4 15. dxe4 Ne5 16. Kg2 Qe8 $15 {Ntatsis – Sax 2524, 1999})
10… Qc7 11. Qe2 (11. b4 $6 cxb4 12. axb4 (12. cxb4 Ne5 $15 {Lautier}) 12…
Ne5 13. Nxe5 Bxe5 14. Bb2 Bxc3 15. Rc1 d4 16. Nb1 Qb6 17. Nxc3 Qxb4 $1 18. Ne2
Ba4 19. Rc4 Qxc4 20. dxc4 Bxd1 21. Rxd1 e5 $15 {Lautier}) 11… d4 $1 {The
exclamation mark is not because this is a “strong move”, but for you to keep
in mind Black’s plan. By now, Black developed his pieces, avoided e4-e5 and
now it is time for an active plan: he advances d5-d4 and e6-e5 gaining space
in the centre and queenside, followed by a pawn storm on that side.} 12. cxd4
cxd4 13. Nc4 e5 14. Bd2 b5 15. Nxd6 Qxd6 16. Rec1 a5 17. Nh4 {In the meantime,
White has to organize an attack on the kingside by f2-f4-f5 and g3-g4-g5} {
17…} Rac8 18. f4 Rc7 19. Bf3 b4 20. axb4 Nxb4 21. Qd1 Rxc1 22. Rxc1 Be6 23.
Be2 Na2 24. Ra1 Qb6 25. Qb1 Nb4 26. Qd1 Qb5 27. Nf3 Nbc6 $15 {Mencinger 2360 –
Farago 2530, 1998} *


Games

[Event “?”]
[Site “?”]
[Date “????.??.??”]
[Round “?”]
[White “1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.Qg4”]
[Black “?”]
[Result “*”]
[ECO “C02”]
[PlyCount “26”]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 (3. Bd3 {is just a way to avoid theory. Black
equalizes very easily: 3…} dxe4 4. Bxe4 Nf6 5. Bd3 (5. Bf3 c5 6. Ne2 (6. c3
cxd4 7. cxd4 Bd6 $11 {followed by Nc6}) 6… Nc6 7. Be3 cxd4 8. Bxc6+ bxc6 9.
Qxd4 Qxd4 10. Bxd4 c5 $15 {Black remained with the bishop-pair; Bezgodov 2536
– Hanley 2345, 2002}) (5. Bg5 c5 6. c3 cxd4 $15 7. Qa4+ $6 Qd7 $17 {Sackl –
Keitlinghaus 2515, 1997}) 5… Nbd7 6. Nf3 Be7 7. O-O O-O 8. Re1 b6 9. Nbd2 Bb7
$11 {Bolding 2373 – Sermier 2386}) 3… c5 4. Qg4 {[%csl Rf8,Gg4,Rg7][%cal
Gg1f3] In this system, White develops his queen on the kingside, before
blocking her way with Nf3. Also, the queen on g4 won’t permit Black to
develop his f8-bishop. However, Black’s attack over White’s centre proves to
be more dangerous. So, here we should attack on the centre and develop the
knight via e7 on g6 and, after this, the bishop can be developed. Another
problem for White is the undefended c1-bishop which is exposed after c2-c3 and
c3xd4 on the c-file.} {4…} Nc6 5. Nf3 Qc7 {[%csl Rc1][%cal Yc7e5,Yc7c1]} 6.
Bd3 (6. Qg3 Nxd4 7. Nxd4 cxd4 8. c3 Ne7 9. Bd3 Ng6 $15 {followed by Bc5}) 6…
cxd4 7. Qg3 (7. Bf4 Nge7 $15 {with idea Ng6}) (7. O-O $2 Nxe5 8. Nxe5 Qxe5 9.
Bf4 Nf6 $1 10. Qxg7 (10. Qg3 Qh5) 10… Qxf4 $1 11. Qxh8 Ke7 $1 {with idea Qh6
and Bg7}) 7… f6 8. Bxh7 (8. exf6 Qxg3 9. f7+ (9. hxg3 Nxf6 $15) 9… Kxf7 10.
hxg3 Nf6 11. Bf4 h6 12. Nbd2 Nd7 $15 {Wurm – Vismara 2205}) (8. O-O $2 fxe5 9.
Bxh7 Bd6 10. Qh3 Kf8 11. Nh4 Nce7 $19 {Pusch – Kohlweyer 2420, 1996}) 8… Nxe5
{Black obtained a very strong pawn mass in the center.} 9. Bg6+ Kd8 10. Nxd4 (
10. Bf4 Bd6 $1 $17) 10… Nxg6 11. Qxg6 e5 12. Ne2 Ne7 13. Qg3 Qxc2 $19 {
Prelati 2120 – Naumkin 2430, 1996} *